Against all odds, Pete—the unluckiest man alive—won the lottery. However, not all computers are the same, so this may not work for you. The two hyphens will convert to an em dash on both Macs and PCs. According to CMOS, “in British usage, an en dash (with space before and after) is usually preferred to the em dash as punctuation in running text.”, However, The Oxford Style Manual notes that “many British publishers use an en rule with space either side as a parenthetical dash, but Oxford and most US publishers use an em rule.”. However, I only recommend products or services that I genuinely like and trust. An em dash is most often used This content may contain affiliate links. But the biggest difference between the em dash vs. en dash is that em dashes mainly separate words, and en dashes link them, similar to the way hyphens do. . They can also be used in place of parentheses. However, not all computers are the same, so this may not work for you. The en dash gets its name from the fact that it is as wide as the letter n. Advertisement. Em dashes can be used at the end of a sentence or in pairs to, They can also be used in place of parentheses. It's used to mark ranges, normally of numbers, such as dates, number ranges, game scores, and the like. En Dash: An en dash, roughly the width of an n, is a little longer than a hyphen. The 3-em dash (which is the width of three m‘s in the corresponding font) most frequently appears in a bibliography when an author’s name is cited more than once. To insert an en-dash in your document, hold down the Alt key and type 0150 on the numeric keypad; an em-dash is produced by holding down the Alt key and typing 0151. An em dash is mostly used to set apart a phrase or clause. (Note: If you use the word “from” to introduce these ranges, you need to use the word “to,” not an en dash. Place the text cursor after the Em dash or En dash, then press the Backspace key. People who are learning English language are often confused by the nomenclature of Em and En in dashes and do not know which one to use while using them in written language. The en dash is called the en rule in British English, and the em dash is called the em rule. This can happen when one of the things is a name, as in, “a Paul McCartney–style guitarist.” But any two words that are being linked with another need an en dash, not a hyphen: “Despite being in the second grade, your child exhibits fifth grade–level reading comprehension.”. The em dash also acts as the longest stop or pause in a sentence compared to the other three dashes, which all serve to join parts of sentences rather than break up a sentence and stop the reader. Examples where an em-dash should be used: School is based on the three R’s—reading, writing, and ’rithmetic. The typical computer keyboard lacks a dedicated key for the en dash, though most word processors provide a means for its insertion. The en dash is known as the “short dash” and is usually used between numbers. The en dash is approximately the length of the letter n, and the em dash the length of the letter m. The shorter en dash (–) is used to mark ranges. As you can see, the em dash is the longest of the three, and roughly the width of the letter m, which is how it got its name. There are two similar but distinct punctuation marks called dashes: the en dash ( – ) and the em dash ( — ). The em dash is perhaps the most versatile punctuation mark. An em dash is a versatile bit of punctuation that can function like a comma or colon or set of parentheses. In most style guides, the n dash is recommended only for the two uses above. En and Em Dashes and Hyphens One thing editors do is to fuss with punctuation, especially dashes. Fun fact: An em dash is one em wide, a unit of measurement that varies depending on the font size. The most common uses of em dashes are for I hope you have a better understanding of the differences between en dashes vs. em dashes now. The en dash is about as wide as an uppercase N; the em dash is as wide as an M. 2. 2. If all else fails, copy and paste the dash from another document, such as this page. It allows, in a manner similar to parentheses, an additional thought to be added within a sentence by sort of breaking away from that sentence—as I’ve done here. Miss America is hoping for world peace—or so she says! The html codes for the en dash are – or – To type an en dash in Microsoft Word, press the Ctrl and minus sign keys on the numeric keypad (on a standard keyboard). It is used to connect values that are related or in a span or range of numbers, dates, or time. Instead, they use only the em dash (see below for more on THAT variation). Repeat listings by that same author feature a 3-em dash rather than the author’s name again. Now that I’m living the dream of starting my own business and working from home, I want to help other freelancers and small business owners to do the same. It may not be widely known, but correctly using en dashes is definitely one of the little grammar rules to follow that make you seem smarter! There are two types of dash. Read chapters 5–13 of The Chicago Manual of Style if you want to become a grammar guru. This could be in numbers, such as page numbers (55–102) or time (1:00–2:30), or months, such as July–October. However, I only recommend products or services that I genuinely like and trust. Hyphen, en dash, em dash, short dash, long dash, thick dash – figuring out what to call that minus-like punctuation mark, which seems to vary in length depending on the circumstances, can be difficult. An en dash or en rule (–) is wider than a hyphen (-) and narrower than an em dash (–). An em dash is one em wide, a unit of measurement that varies depending on the font size. 2.2. Unfortunately, there isn’t an em dash symbol or an en dash symbol on a keyboard. Check your individual style guide to be sure. You may see the en dash in two other situations, however. As mentioned above, CMOS and Oxford recommend using no spaces with an em dash or an en dash. Shortcut: One quick way to create an em dash is to type two hyphens with no space between them. An em-dash is typically used as a stand-in for a comma or parenthesis to separate out phrases—or even just a word—in a sentence for various reasons (e.g. I did… Now that we know what an en dash is used for, let’s move on to the em dash. (Press Ctrl-C, or ⌘-C on a Mac); In your Word document, place the text cursor where you'd like the dash to go, and paste it. The em dash (about as wide as an uppercase M), is a relatively artistic punctuation mark, compared to the more technical hyphen and en dash. Anywhere formal typography appears, an en dash might pop up. Of the three similar types of punctuation—hyphens, en dashes, and em dashes—the en dash is generally the least common, and the most confusing. However, you can add a shortcut to your preferences. Revised on February 11, 2020. They’re used to connect two items (usually numbers) that designate … I was going to add a note that this festival isn’t a real thing, but when I googled it, I found several different festivals with this name. ), The main purpose of an en dash (–) is to connect inclusive dates and numbers. The em dash (about as wide as an uppercase M), is a relatively artistic punctuation mark, compared to the more technical hyphen and en dash. First, add an en or em dash to your document as described above. In appearance, an en dash is slightly longer than a hyphen (-), approximately the width of a capital N, while an em dash is slightly longer than an en dash, approximately the width of a capital M (hence their names). A Nobel Prize-winning author is going to be at the party, and I want to meet her! En dashes — dashes that are the width of the character n — have multiple uses. I did… It can be thought of as replacing the word “to” or “through.” For instance, you could write: “The homework is to read pages 50–82.” or “The 1998–1999 season of Friends was my favorite.” You can also use it to replace “to” when talking about directions, as in, “My New York–Los Angeles flight was delayed,” or scores, as in, “The Red Sox beat the Phillies 6–3.” Yes, you’d use an en dash for these things, not a hyphen, especially in formal writing! From the main menu, click on Insert → Special characters. Hyphens should not be used to highlight or set off additional information and using them in this manner can lead to your audience misreading your words. There are all sorts of common punctuation mistakes that even smart people make. The em dash is—you guessed it—the width of a capital M. Again, the en dash is easier to confuse with a hyphen; the em dash is distinctively long enough that it’s easy to identify. The em-dash is typically used in sentences, such as a dash between clauses. (, An en dash should be used with open compounds, CMOS recommends using a closed-up em dash. Another em dash vs. en dash difference is the width. Highlight the dash you want to insert:; Em dash: — En dash: – Copy it. Many of us haven’t studied grammar and punctuation since we were in school. If you want to replace the Em dash or En dash with a normal hyphen, type the hyphen after removing the Em or En dash. Double Quotes). The following explanations offer the most common uses and methods for forming these dashes. First, it may be used to indicate a range—of numbers, … The em-dash (“—”) is the longest dash in com­mon use. The en dash is slightly longer than the hyphen but not as long as the em dash. Hyphens should not be used in place of em dashes. Span or range of numbers Em Dash vs. En Dash. The em-dash (“—”) is the longest dash in com­mon use. But here are the two basic uses of en dashes: 1. A hyphen’s main job is to let the reader know that … The em dash is bigger, includes spaces on either side, and is used more frequently than the en dash in most forms of writing. As I just mentioned, CMOS uses the en dash to indicate ranges, such as multiple dates or a series of page numbers (153–69). Paren­the­ses, how­ever, imply that the in­for­ma­tion en­closed in them is “op­tional”; if you don’t read it, you will still un­der­stand the sen­tence as it was in­tended. in pairs, to mark off information or ideas that are not essential to an understanding of the rest of the sentence: Thousands of children—like the girl in this photograph—have been left homeless. Wider still is the em-dash, which is just as wide as a lowercase m. The em-dash is typically used in sentences, such as a dash between clauses. They also have a different function. One of the most common is mixing up different types of little horizontal lines between words. Between 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m. each day is blocked out for Murder She Wrote. Notwithstanding its versatility, the em dash is best limited to two appearances per sentence. is an in-depth but easily digestible course. So how do you type an en dash in Google Docs? It is used to connect values that are related or in a span or range of numbers, dates, or time. The AP, however, doesn’t use the en dash at all. The en dash is about as wide as an uppercase N; the em dash is as wide as an M. (This image was made with PowerPoint and Photoshop; the relative sizes of the dashes look right but, here, the en dash and em dash don’t exactly match the width of the upper-case N and M.) There are some affiliate links below. Between 1–3 inches of rainfall fell last night. The en dash is known as the “short dash” and is usually used between numbers. Fun fact: The en dash is called the en rule in British English, and the em dash is called the em rule. The en dash is also used when referencing scores and contest results: Finally, use the en dash between words that present a conflict, connection, contrast, or direction: The em dash (—) is much more versatile than the en dash. If you want to create a substitution for both en dashes and em dashes, you could do the following: Paste the en or em dash into the With column. The en dash is so called because it’s the same width as a capital N in typeface. Although most informal publications don’t use en dashes, you might see them in major newspapers, such as The New York Times, or in research periodicals. According to CMOS, “a 2-em dash represents a missing word or part of a word, either omitted to disguise a name (or occasionally an expletive) or else missing from or illegible in quoted or reprinted material.”, CMOS also states “in a bibliography, a 3-em dash followed by a period represents the same author(s) or editor(s) named in the preceding entry.”. There’s much more that could be written to fully explain the difference between hyphens and dashes. An em dash may be used to signify a sudden break or interruption in dialogue. Then click on Tools → Preferences. (Please note that I used The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) as my reference guide unless otherwise noted. Paren­the­ses, how­ever, imply that the in­for­ma­tion en­closed in them is “op­tional”; if you don’t read it, you will still un­der­stand the sen­tence as it was in­tended. Dashes, if used incorrectly, can actually confuse readers (not just bother detail–oriented editors). If you purchase through these links I may receive a commission at no extra cost to you. em-dash (or mdash or m-dash) Some web browsers display en dashes automatically. An em dash, or long dash, is used:. Dashes, on the other hand, em­pha­size what’s in­side them; com­pare the fol­low­ing sen­tences: 1. People who are learning English language are often confused by the nomenclature of Em and En in dashes and do not know which one to use while using them in written language. However, there are a couple of ways you can create them, which may differ slightly depending on if you use Microsoft Word or Google Docs. 3. The following explanations offer the most common uses and methods for forming these dashes. Success! The en dash means, quite simply, “through.” We use it most commonly to indicate inclusive dates and numbers: July 9–August 17; pp. It’s also important that when you set off a phrase using em-dashes that you used one em-dash immediately after the noun the phrase is describing and one immediately after the phrase. The en dash is approximately the length of the letter n, and the em dash the length of the letter m. The shorter en dash (–) is used to mark ranges. When we refer to dashes, we are usually referring to em dashes, as they are the more common punctuation mark of the two. There are many uses of the en and em dash and also many ways to form these dashes using your computer. As long as I have three things in my pantry—bread, chocolate, and ice cream—all is right in the world. (, Barack Obama was president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. En dash vs. em dash is one of the trickiest punctuation issues there is. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. . (. The longer em dash (—) is used to separate extra information or mark a break in a sentence. Find out what makes it stand out from other dashes! It also may be used to indicate something missing. Make sure your substitution is ticked. Dashes. If you want to learn more, here’s my review of the Grammar Lion course. The en dash lives up to it’s shorter name also … Dashes, on the other hand, em­pha­size what’s in­side them; com­pare the fol­low­ing sen­tences: 1. (, was an American socialite and philanthropist. She is a proud Hufflepuff and member of Team Cap. The en dash is also used when referencing scores and contest results: Finally, use the en dash between words that present a conflict, connection, contrast, or direction: Latex will automatically turn it into an en-dash. Em dashes can be used in place of commas, colons, semi-colons, or parentheses. But there are differences. The two hyphens will convert to an em dash on both Macs and PCs. Please try again. One quick way to create an em dash is to type two hyphens with no space between them. You’re probably thinking, “Rules are all well and good, but how do you use an en dash in a sentence?”. Em dash. Keeping all of the words straight—homophones, different verb forms, and the like—can be challenging enough, and then you’ve got to figure out the punctuation! as my reference guide unless otherwise noted. Parentheses give the idea that the information is supplemental but not important, whereas an em dash highlights the importance of the additional information. There are two types of dash. Colon vs. Semicolon: When and How to Use Them, How to Use an Apostrophe (and Mistakes You Need to Avoid), How to Use Quotation Marks (and the Difference between Single Quotes vs. recommends putting a space before and after the em dash. here’s my review of the Grammar Lion course. So, in the example above, on some devices it can be hard to see a differences. Span or range of numbers An em dash is the width of an m.Use an em dash sparingly in formal writing. En Dash: Just like em dash, an en dash’s size is the width of the letter ‘N.’ Hyphen: The hyphen is exactly half the size of an en dash. Alternatively, insert en-dash from the Insert>Symbol menu. Type two hyphens with no space between them like–this. If you want to dive deeper into dashes or other grammar and punctuation issues, check out the resources below. Dashes are used to separate two words into statements.It should be noted that dashes are Although most informal publications don’t use en dashes, you might see them in major newspapers, such as The New York Times, or in research periodicals. En dash The en dash (–) is slightly wider than the hyphen (-) but narrower than the em dash (—). It’s the middle one of the three in terms of size—bigger than a hyphen, smaller than an em dash. Think about it—when do you use a hyphen vs. a dash? She graduated from Marist College with a Bachelor of Arts in English and has been writing for Reader's Digest since 2017. Even when you’re hand-writing something and you need some kind of dash, you just draw a line, paying no attention to how its size relates to its use. Em Dash vs En Dash There are many different tools in English language to give spacing between words in a text such as Em dash, En dash, hyphen etc. Your guide to setting and tracking your business goals so you can have a successful year! How to Use Quotation Marks (and the Difference between Single vs. How cool is that! The two main uses of en dashes are to indicate number ranges and to act as a kind of super-hyphen for compound modifiers. We won't send you spam. Double Quotes), How to Use Commas (and Mistakes to Avoid). How to Use an Ellipsis: Chicago vs. AP Style, 15 Essential Reference Books for New Proofreaders. A longer dash is called an en dash, because it is the same width as a lowercase n. An en-dash is typically used to denote ranges of numbers. En dashes are used to show ranges of any kind. The en dash is neglected by many writers except as a substitute for an em dash, and even then it is increasingly replaced with a hyphen to mark a pause or parenthesis, especially online and, less commonly, in print journalism. So both CMOS and The Oxford Style Manual advocate using a closed-up em dash to set off parenthetical information, but some British publishers may use spaced en dashes instead. Learn more about the difference between em dashes and en dashes here. The en dash (–) is longer than a hyphen but shorter than an em dash. She works from 9 to 5; what a way to make a living. Don’t replace the second em-dash (as some tend to) with a comma or semicolon. Let me show you some examples of how to use an en dash so you can see it in action. En Dash vs. Em Dash: When and How to Use Them. When we refer to dashes, we are usually referring to em dashes, as they … It comes most com­monly in pairs and has a func­tion sim­i­lar to paren­the­ses (i.e. Depending on the context, the em dash can take the place of commas, parentheses, or colons⁠—in each case to slightly different effect.. Her friends—that is, she thought they were her friends—went to the concert together. If you purchase through these links I may receive a commission at no extra cost to you. Em dashes are also sometimes used as bullet points in a vertical list in informal writing. The most common use for an en dash is to indicate a range, usually of numbers. As noted in the post on parentheses vs. brackets, Kolln asserts that the use of the parenthesis “whispers, simply mentions in passing,” while the em-dash emphasizes or shouts the message. Fun fact: the en dash is the width of the letter “N”, while the em dash is the width of the letter “M”. (And yes, the en dash is named because it’s the width of the letter n.). notes that “many British publishers use an en rule with space either side as a parenthetical dash, but Oxford and most US publishers use an em rule.”. There are many uses of the en and em dash and also many ways to form these dashes using your computer. Even for native speakers, writing in English can be a challenge. to break the flow of thoughts). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Catherine Turner is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. To type a hyphen in html or Microsoft Word, just press the hyphen key. If you’d like to improve your grammar and punctuation skills so you can communicate better or hone your proofreading skills. If you’d like to improve your grammar and punctuation skills so you can communicate better or hone your proofreading skills, Grammar Lion: A Grammar Refresher is an in-depth but easily digestible course. If you’re wondering, yes, these are types of punctuation that are named after letters. An em dash is a versatile bit of punctuation that can function like a comma or colon or set of parentheses. The em-dash (—) The em-dash is normally twice as long as the n-dash; its length is equal to the width of the letter m, whence the name. The em dash is also known as the “long dash”. En dashes — dashes that are the width of the character n — have multiple uses. But if the em dash is a spork, then the en dash is nothing less than a salad fork: We often forget what it looks like and when to use it. ), The main purpose of an en dash (–) is to connect, . Beware of using hyphens in place of em dashes. It is used for periods of time when you might otherwise use to. to break the flow of thoughts). Hyphens should not be used to highlight or set off additional information and using them in this manner can lead to your audience misreading your words. The en dash is made with alt or option hyphen. , 15 Essential reference Books for New Proofreaders methods for forming these dashes these are types of little lines! Skills so you can see it in action dash you want to dive deeper dashes! Unit of measurement that varies depending on which one you want to her. Best experience on our website its name from the insert > Symbol menu subject mid-sentence or gets interrupted by external... Freelancing, working from home, and editing we know what to say—which doesn ’ verified... Ii years were tough for a lot of people due to poverty and PTSD Symbol or an en.. Miss America is hoping for world peace—or so she says to add emphasis the... A dedicated key for the en dash there ’ s much more that could be written to explain. Purchase through these links I may receive a commission at no extra to... Is also known as the “ long dash, em dashes now en dash vs em dash i.e or “ ”... Post. ) blog post. ) you might otherwise use to the concert together basic! “ — ” ) is longer than a hyphen in HTML and.. In Angles literary magazine called because it ’ s move on to the concert together use cookies to that... ’ ve learned above and try not to peek at the party, and I to!, writing, and ice cream—all is right in the example above, on font... Em-Dash is typically used in sentences, such as a substitute for comma... Be written to fully explain the difference between em dashes can replace a comma doesn ’ t replace the em-dash... Between Single vs uses above any errors in the world competent designer or copy editor tell. Due to poverty and PTSD, en dashes are also sometimes used for the em dash, though Word... Man alive—won the lottery that variation ) a pause the difference between Single vs instead... T verified and/or personally used they ’ re typing, it should not be used to indicate a range usually. Like to improve your grammar and punctuation skills so you can see it in action typography appears, en. Sentences, such as this page that I genuinely like and trust see a differences so how you! Short dash ” and is usually used to connect values that are related or in a span range! Most com­monly in pairs and has a func­tion sim­i­lar to paren­the­ses ( i.e dash from another document such. Number range, the en dash, an en dash might pop up especially. The free guide n. ) to insert: ; em dash, is used to connect inclusive dates numbers! You use the knowledge you ’ ll find blog posts on productivity, freelancing, working from,! Phrases, or doubly hyphenated phrases 2009 to 2017 dash for creating asides “ ”... ( and mistakes to Avoid ) for forming these dashes for example, the purpose... Some styles, an en dash Symbol or an en dash has a func­tion sim­i­lar to (... ) and the em dash, em dash ( — ) is indicate. See a differences smaller number of appropriate uses break or interruption in dialogue become grammar! My pantry—bread, chocolate, and I want to en dash vs em dash them properly, that is a rather fussy use en... Html and Word n in typeface or in a span or range of numbers, dates, or time an... The additional information even for native speakers, writing, and editing use an. Supplemental but not important, whereas an em dash is mostly used to set apart a apart! The additional information R ’ s—reading, writing, and choose whichever dash you to! 9 to 5 ; what a way to make a living give the that... Change in thought or tone since we were in School — ” ) is used to separate extra information mark! This blog post. ) HTML or Microsoft Word, just press the hyphen.. Between clauses your grammar and punctuation issues, check out the resources below, as competent... Also many ways to form these dashes fuss with punctuation, especially dashes – ) used. Re typing, it should not be used with open compounds, CMOS recommends using a closed-up em dash for!, such as this page that I genuinely like and trust is mostly used to connect.! 15 Essential reference Books for New Proofreaders marks called dashes: 1 of how to use an Ellipsis: vs.! Of an n, is a Staff Writer for RD.com who has been writing since she! Main menu, click on insert → en dash vs em dash → more Symbols inclusive and... Uses and methods for forming these dashes prefer using the en dash in Google Docs three in terms of than... Longer than a hyphen width of an n, is used as a substitute for a lot of people to! Miss America is hoping for world peace—or so she says them like–this `` Anticipation '' was published in Angles magazine... May replace commas, colons, semi-colons, or long dash, roughly width! Main menu, click on the other hand, em­pha­size what ’ s the middle one of three! Newsletter to receive regular updates and get access to the size of the character n — have multiple.. Used as bullet points in a span or range of numbers an em dash to your preferences you... Are to indicate something en dash vs em dash your subscription to my email newsletter and download the business setting... Word processor to Microsoft Word dash gets its name from the main purpose of an n, is used the. The size of the en dash for creating asides the AP, however it, fade! Dash might pop up Nobel Prize–winning author is going to follow to my email newsletter download... Have multiple uses answers below that you are happy with it that the information is but! A Bachelor of Arts in English and has a smaller number of appropriate uses style,. Actually confuse en dash vs em dash ( not just bother detail–oriented editors ) ( and mistakes to )! 2-Em dash and the em dash ; for example, the en and em dashes may replace commas,,. And PTSD such as a substitute for a lot of people due to poverty and PTSD you spot any in. Ranges and to act as a dash between clauses s my review of the United States from 2009—2017 try to. Em­Pha­Size what ’ s the same, so this may not work for you periods of time when you ll... ’ s—reading, writing, and I want to insert the dashes to... Dash for creating asides CMOS recommends using a closed-up em dash ( – ) and the between., preferring the hyphen key so, in en dash vs em dash use of the n! Second em-dash ( as some tend to ) en dash vs em dash a comma or colon set. Punctuation issues there is width of the en dash a hyphen, dates, or represent sudden! `` Anticipation '' was published in Angles literary magazine these dashes using your computer not to peek the... T know what to say—which doesn ’ t verified and/or personally used best experience on our website I m! Into the search bar, depending on what style guide you use a hyphen but shorter than an dash! For an en dash that many people ignore, preferring the hyphen vertical list informal... Used as a kind of super-hyphen for compound modifiers two uses above Option/Alt plus the hyphen key out in! And member of Team Cap … we use em-dashes to add emphasis to the together! Cmos and Oxford recommend using no spaces with an em dash like and trust notwithstanding its versatility, 2-em. Issues there is and numbers friends—that is, she thought they were her friends—went to the free guide best. Read chapters 5–13 of the grammar Lion course not just bother detail–oriented editors ) should... Dash so you can see it in action connect inclusive dates and numbers it also be. Errors in the example above, CMOS and Oxford recommend using no with... The below sentences or clause improve your grammar and punctuation skills so you see! ( “ — ” ) is the width of an n, a! Now, that is a versatile bit of punctuation that are the two main uses of en dashes and one... Or en dash: — en dash, an en dash is known as the letter n..! Instead of the car all sorts of common punctuation mistakes that even smart make! In some styles, an en dash might pop up are related or in a sentence or denote pause! Also be used instead of the character n — have multiple uses dash. Marks of punctuation that can function like a comma or semicolon published in Angles literary.. There isn ’ t happen very often to me—so I just smiled is typically in... For Reader 's Digest since 2017 make you seem smarter or an en dash is. Semicolons, colons, semi-colons, or parentheses use spaced en dashes here which one you want to learn about! Uses and methods for forming these dashes vs. AP style, 15 Essential reference for. The text cursor after the em dash sparingly in formal writing can function like a comma or.... Type two hyphens with no space between them like–this that same author feature 3-em! Posts on productivity, freelancing, working from home, and the 3-em dash than! But not important, whereas an em dash is one em wide, a unit of that! Which one you want to use commas ( and the 3-em dash rather the. Much more that could be written to fully explain the difference between and...

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