Water has a density of 1000/m 3 and air has a density of 1.275/m 3 therefore water would be 784.31 x denser than air. (β in 10 −3 /K.) Problem: Heat Capacity of Water From Freezing to Boiling Point Viscosity. It is the way it is taught at school. After mixing 100.0 g of water at 58.5 °C with 100.0 g of water, already in the calorimeter, at 22.8 °C, the final temperature of the water is 39.7 °C. If water has a high heat capacity, it can absorb a lot of heat energy before it changes temperature, meaning it will also boil at higher temperatures. Overall one can write. ... (1/ν)(∂ν/∂T) p of liquid water as a function of pressure and temperature. Because the majority of heat energy is concentrated on breaking the hydrogen bonds, the water molecule itself heats up after the bonds are broken. Example #4: A student wishes to determine the heat capacity of a coffee-cup calorimeter. Water has a high heat capacity because a lot of heat energy is required to break the hydrogen bonds found in a molecule of water. Table 5. This is the typical heat capacity of water. K). Heat capacity is the amount of heat energy required to change the temperature of a substance. Because the mass of water (m w) and the specific heat capacity of water are both known, one can readily calculate the heat capacity of the water.The joule (J) is defined based upon the specific heat capacity of water: s w = 4.184 J o C-1 g-1. The specific heat capacity (C p) of liquid water at room temperature and pressure is approximately 4.2 J/g°C. If you have problems with the units, feel free to use our temperature conversion or weight conversion calculators. kg kcal 0 (ice) 1.960 0.468 34 4.178 0.999 68 4.189 1.001 0 4.217 1.008 35 4.178 0.999 69 4.189 1.001 Calculate the heat capacity of the calorimeter in J/°C. For practical purposes, it should be precise enough. C = C cal + s w m w Thermal diffusivity æ of liquid water … There are a few reasons, and it also depends what phase the metal and water are in. This example problem demonstrates how to calculate heat capacity . More proficient students can object that intensive stirring of the water in the calorimeter can cause a temperature increase of water, because mechanical work is performed. Specific heat capacity at constant pressure. K −1. Most metals are highly conductive due to the ability of their electrons to move and how metallic atoms are arranged in a substance. The heat capacity is largely constant in the temperature range that the calculators work (34-210°F or 1-99°C). In a solution of salt dissolved in water, the water is acting as the _____ and the salt is the _____. Water's specific heat capacity is 4200 Jkg-1 K-1 and Air's is 993 Jkg-1 K-1 therefore water has 4.23 times more specific heat capacity. Table 6. The calculators use the specific heat capacity of water of 4186 J/kg/°C (Joules per kilogram per degree Celsius). This means it takes 4.2 joules of energy to raise 1 gram (or 1 milliliter if you'd rather think of the equivalent volume of 1 gram of water) of water by 1 degree Celsius. Table 10.