Beyond the small area of occupancy there are no active threats known from this species, though it may have been lost from Raoul Island. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. 2017. Collected once sometime between 1838 and 1840 (possibly as a genuinely naturalised occurrence) from the Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand. Digitaria (Poaceae, Englerian circumscription) - index of taxa : Taxon (links to FLAS catalog) Common Name: Search other Florida herbaria : Digitaria [species indet.] Roem. Henrard. Annual, weakly caespitose to loosely matted grass forming tufts up to 1 m tall (usually much less). Name: Sira-bon (Assamese) Mikania micrantha HBK ex Kunth (Poaceae)Vern. Digitaria bicornis is a stout annual grass, up to 1 m tall, with glaucous green leaves, glabrous sheath, or stiff, milky-based, tubercle-like hairs, up to 15 cm long, also with hair. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Edgar, E and H.E. Despite this view, Pacific flora and grass treatments and view points of botanists studying that region, notably including Sykes himself when question in 2013, regard this grass as indigenous to tropical Asia, Malesia, the Pacific Islands and northern Australia, and significantly with respect to the Kermadec Islands, also the nearby Norfolk Island group, so its presence on the Northern Kermadec Island group is not incompatible with it being indigenous there (Green 1994, Whistler 1995; Edgar & Connor 2010; R. O. Gardner, W.R. Sykes & W.A. (HT: B; IT: K). Oliver, W.R.B. Lower glume 0, or reduced to a minute rim or scale c.0.1 mm, upper 0.6‒1.5 mm, c.¼‒(⅓) length of spikelet, 0‒3-nerved, deltoid, obtuse to subacute, glabrous, or with long hairs on margins overtopping glume. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/ (Date website was queried), © 2020 New Zealand Plant Conservation Network • Website by RS, Members can view this photo in high resolution, National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank, Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017, https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/, Project 1 - Pohutukawa, Rata and Myrtaceae, Project 2 - Alpine flora and the Forget-Me-Nots, Project 4 - Podocarps and trees of the forest, Pros and cons of presence/absence surveys. fimbriata Henr. Digitaria setigera : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Digitaria setigera : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources Brit. Fonio has been widely used as a staple crop in parts of Africa. wide. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 343–353. tahitiensis Henrard, 1950 Digitaria reflexa Schumach. Digitaria pruriens (Fisch. & Schult. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. Transactions and Proceeding of the New Zealand Institute 20: 151–181. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Digitaria setigera has also been reported from Raoul Island but there it has been much confused with the superficially similar D. ciliaris (common on Raoul as an introduced species) and it is not clear if it still present on that island. Spikelets 2.5‒3.5 mm, paired, lanceolate, long-acute, laterally with fine acute-tipped hairs. Culm 0.1‒0.45(‒1.0) m, ascending-erect or floppy, internodes glabrous. Presented here is summary information about the species Digitaria setigera from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 42: 118–175. Roem. & Schult. ex Loudon Common names Asian crabgrass in language. Digitaria sanguinalis f. umbraticola Henrard Digitaria sanguinalis var. digitgrass prefer. Seemingly restricted to makatea and low shrubland overlying basalt tuff and rock on the smaller islands of the northern Kermadec group. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments … Digitaria bicornis Roem. Cheeseman, T.F. ... Digitaria setigera East Indian crabgrass Digitaria setivalva crabgrass Digitaria … For this reason de Lange et al. They are annual plants, and one plant is capable of producing 150,000 seeds per season. The Plants Database includes the following 70 species of Digitaria . Stapf ; Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard; Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Digitaria setigera is locally common on the outer islands of the Northern Kermadec Islands group. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. Ligule 1.0‒2.5 mm, membranous, glabrous, truncate, erose. A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. Paspalum heteranthum Hook. 2000: Flora of New Zealand. Name: Carpet grass. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. The voids then become prime areas for the crabgrass seeds to germinate the following season. Furthermore, a search of "Virginia snake" or even "nia snak" yields one result: Virginia snakeroot. based on tuberculosis. Ilse Botanica, Honolulu, Hawaii. Name parser Sequence ID ... Digitaria setigera subsp. Digitaria setigera Roem. Shand 1987. (USF) Digitaria bicornis : Asian crab grass (USF) Digitaria cf. The prevalent species of Digitaria in North America are large crabgrass (D. sanguinalis), sometimes known as hairy crabgrass; and smooth crabgrass (D. ischaemum). Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. umbraticola Henrard, pro syn. Digitaria stricta Roth. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. synonym for Digitaria setigera var. both the name and diagnosis are attributed to Roth, Nov. plant. An annotated checklist. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) Beauv.(Poaceae)Vern. Preferred Scientific Name Digitaria sanguinalis Linnaeus (Scop.) The ligule is 4 mm tall; the inflorescence is digitally formed from 3 to … MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. ... Digitaria setigera Roth. Digitaria microbachne (J. Presl) Henr. Both leaf surfaces and sheath are densely hairy. Seeds dispersed by sea birds, gravity and water. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Sykes, W.R. 1977. Blumea 21: 1–80. V. Grasses. microbachne (C.Presl) Fosberg Digitaria setosa Desv. comm. The seeds germinate in the late spring and early summer and outcompete the domesticated lawn grasses, expanding outward in a circle up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. Name. Recent synonyms:D. pruriens. — leaf spot Dioscorea bulbifera L. [bitter yam, soi] Cercospora sp. Whistler, W.A. With Appendix: Hepaticopsida (Hepaticae) & Anthocerotopsida by Ella O. Campbell. Not known to be cultivated in New Zealand. Paniceae. On the Kermadec Islands flowering may occur throughout the year, On the Kermadec Islands fruiting may occur throughout the year. microbachne (J. Presl) Fosberg. horizontalis (Willd.) Digitaria horizontalis var. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments about its indigenous status in the ‘Tropical Pacific’ implies that he may also have considered it indigenous there. Description Top of page. These species often become problem weeds in lawns and gardens, growing especially well in thin lawns that are watered lightly, under-fertilized, and poorly drained. The leaves are up to 25 cm long and 1 cm wide. & Schult. [citation needed][7] Crabgrass is quickly outcompeted by healthy lawn grass because, as an annual plant, crabgrass dies off in autumn and needs open conditions for its germination the following spring. Henr.-> Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard; Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) Wayside Plants of the Islands – a guide to the lowland Flora of the Pacific Islands. (2018) accept Digitaria setigera as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands. Not accepted according to {resource_name} (other, see comments) ... Common Names. Henr. Digitaria setigeraRoth ex Roem. Scientific Name: Samoan Name: Common Name: Photo: TSN: Park Status: Abundance: Residency: Nativity: Axonopus compressus : broadleaf carpetgrass : 41465 : Present in Park Velkamp (1973), who synonymised D. pruriens with D. setigera, included the Kermadec Islands in this species’ natural distribution without further comment. ex A. var. Widespread through tropical Asia, Pacific to French Polynesia and North Australia. Leaf-blade 35‒100 × 2‒7 mm, light green, dark green, often glaucescent, soft, linear tapering to long, finely pointed tip, surfaces finely hairy, ribs and margins scabrid. C.E.Hubb. This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. long, 3–12 mm. Kermadec Islands Flora. Type of Basionym or Protologue Information: India:, Heyne s.n. The seeds are edible most notably those of fonio (Digitaria exilis and Digitaria iburua), Digitaria sanguinalis, as well as Digitaria compacta. Government Printer, Wellington. 1925. Sheaths and lower parts of leaves loosely hairy on both surfaces. Digitaria swalleniana Henrard. 1906. 2: 474 (1817). Authority. Recorded from Raoul Island but not confirmed from there recently. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. 1896. Digitaria setigera Roth apud R. & S. (Poaceae)Vern. 1888. English. The vegetation of the Kermadec Islands. Upper floret; lemma ≈ spikelet, glabrous, acuminate, yellowish or light brown (amber) at maturity; palea ≈ lemma, similar in texture and shape; anthers 1.0‒1.3 mm; stigmas brown; cayopsis c.1.5 mm, oblong. Digitaria setigera. Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) MSS, a listed contributor to the work Name Verified on: 06-May-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Often found around the nests of Kermadec petrel (Pterodroma neglecta) and Tasman booby ( Sula dactylatra tasmani). Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln. Prepared by P.J. Panicum adpressum Willd. 1910. They can be toasted, ground into a flour, made into porridge or fermented to make beer. long, or digitate in the smaller plants; racemes 4–15 cm. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Classification. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. de Lange P.J., Rolfe J.R., Barkla J.W., Courtney S.P., Champion, P.D., Perrie, L.R., Beadel S.M., Ford K.A., Breitwieser I., Schönberger I., Hindmarsh-Walls R., Heenan P.B., and K. Ladley 2018. Digitaria setigera Nodes and leaves at Kipahulu LZ Haleakala National Park, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Edgar, E and J.E. A revision of Digitaria Haller (Gramineae) in Malesia. And Tasman booby ( Sula dactylatra tasmani ) or name for species profiles or fermented to beer... 20: 151–181 Kermadec Islands group the grass family native to tropical warm... Through tropical Asia, Pacific to French Polynesia and North Australia diagnosis are attributed to Roth, Nov... 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